SIENNA project policy briefs
Based on our reports, the SIENNA project published a series of policy briefs in spring 2021. The series summarise recommendations for improving the regulatory frameworks for human genetics and genomics, artificial intelligence and robotics. We have also issued a brief with recommendations for the ethical management of technologies that can be used to enhance human abilities. The last brief in our series summarises the key messages from the SIENNA project.
Enhancing EU legal frameworks for AI & robotics
In practice, existing EU legal frameworks like human rights, data protection, product liability and safety, are fully applicable and should be able to cope with the challenges posed by AI and robotics, and other emerging technologies. SIENNA has identified various gaps and challenges that must be addressed. In our first policy brief, we list some of the urgent actions required and make recommendations for European Union institutions.
Trilateral Research. (2020, December 17). Enhancing EU legal frameworks for AI & robotics: SIENNA project Policy Brief #1 (Version 1.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4332661
This brief is also available in Greek: Trilateral Research. (2021). Bελτιώνοντας το ευρωπαϊκό νομικό πλαίσιο για την τεχνητή νοημοσύνη και τη ρομποτική: Σύνοψη πολιτικής του προγράμματος SIENNA αρ. 1 (1.0). Zenodo.https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5550544
Enhancing EU legal frameworks for genomics
The existing EU legal frameworks (e.g., clinical trials and advanced therapy medicinal products, data protection, in vitro diagnostic medical devices, medical devices, and fundamental rights) are relevant for regulating human genomic technologies and should be able to cope with many of the challenges that they pose. However, SIENNA research has identified various gaps and challenges that must be addressed in order to ensure ethical and human rights respectful design, development, deployment, and use of genomic technologies and to further the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications. This brief presents some of the urgent actions required and recommendations for the European Union institutions, and the Member States.
Santa Slokenberga. (2021, January 31). Enhancing EU legal frameworks for genetics & genomics research, SIENNA project Policy Brief #2 (Version 2.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4554977
This brief is also available in Greek: Santa Slokenberga. (2021). Βελτιώνοντας το ευρωπαϊκό νομικό πλαίσιο για την έρευνα στη γενετική και τη γονιδιωματική-Σύνοψη πολιτικής του προγράμματος SIENNA αρ. 2 (2.0). Zenodo.https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5550551
Enhancing national legal frameworks for AI & robotics
National policy-makers should ensure that any changes in legislation responding to AI and robotics are fit for purpose and in accordance with the country’s international obligations, especially with regards to human rights and societal values. There is need for legal clarity and guidance. In this policy brief, we present some of the urgent actions required and recommendations for national policy-makers, government ministries and departments (particularly ICT), parliaments, public authorities, national human rights institutions (NHRIs), supervisory bodies, and regulators.
Trilateral Research, Responsible AI and robotics: Enhancing national legal frameworks, SIENNA Project Policy Brief #3 (Version 1.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4545804
This brief is also available in Greek: Trilateral Research. (2021). Αξιόπιστη τεχνητή νοημοσύνη και ρομποτική-Βελτιώνοντας τα εθνικά νομικά πλαίσια-Σύνοψη πολιτικής του προγράμματος SIENNA αρ. 3 (1.0). Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5550563
Ethics & human rights for new and emerging technologies
Human genomics, human enhancement, artificial intelligence and robotics offer benefits for both individuals and society. But these technologies also challenge human rights and our notions of what is ethical. SIENNA has developed frameworks and proposals for the ethical management and legal regulation of human genetics and genomics, technologies for human enhancement, artificial intelligence and robotics.
This policy brief presents key messages drawn from the EU-funded Horizon 2020 SIENNA project (2017-2021). SIENNA seeks to promote enhanced consideration of ethical and human rights issues in new and emerging technologies with major socio-economic impact and human rights relevance.
SIENNA project, Ethics & human rights for new and emerging technologies: SIENNA project Policy Brief #4. (Version 1.0) Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590094
This brief is also available in Greek: SIENNA project. (2021). Hθική, δεοντολογία και ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα για τις νέες και επερχόμενες τεχνολογίες: Σύνοψη πολιτικής του προγράμματος SIENNA αρ. 4 (1.0). Zenodo.https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5550576
Promoting ethics for human enhancement technologies
Some human enhancement is controversial socially and morally. They promise the advancement of humanity, but also introduce serious risks to health and well-being, freedom, and equality. Human enhancement research and development can be missed in ethical and legislative review. The field is broad, and enhancement potential can be difficult to predict, especially if such potential is not actively sought. In all cases, guidance is needed. This brief addresses the need for policies aimed at ethical guidance for research, development and deployment of human enhancement technologies.
Yasemin J. Erden, & Philip Brey. (2021, March 24). Promoting ethics for human enhancement technologies: SIENNA project Policy Brief #5 (Version 1.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4633510
This brief is also available in Greek: Yasemin J. Erden, & Philip Brey. (2021). Προωθώντας την ηθική και τη δεοντολογία των τεχνολογιών ανθρώπινης βελτίωσης: Σύνοψη πολιτικής του προγράμματος SIENNA αρ. 5 (1.0). Zenodo.https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5550580
Summaries and recommendations for Spain and China
Two SIENNA partners, University of Granada in Spain, and Dalian University of Technology in China, have also provided summaries and recommendations for national regulation based on the studies they conducted to map the regulatory landscape in their respective countries. This work has contributed to other reports from the SIENNA project.
Javier Valls Prieto. (2021, March 23). Genética y genómica humana. Mejora del marco jurídico de España (Version 1.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4633448
Javier Valls Prieto. (2021, March 23). Inteligencia artificial y robótica. Cómo mejorar el marco legal en España (Version 1.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4633470
Yan Ping, Liu Hongzuo, & Wang Qian. (2021, March 24). Human Genetics and Genomics Law in China (Version 1.0). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4633486